Arcus - A white ring composed of cholesterol collection in the corneal tissue.
Blepharitis - Inflammation of the eyelid margin with crusty build up and wicked lashes along with red tender lids.
Cataract - Aging of the internal human lens causes clouding, frosting, or hazing.
Cellulitis - A bacterial infection of the eyelid tissues causing pain, swelling, closure. Needs to be treated with antibiotics.
Chalazion - A plugged oil gland of the eyelid results in a tender, swollen nodule.
Coloboma - Malformation of the pupil resulting in a oval or keyhole opening.
Conjunctivitis - Inflammation of the external covering of the eyeball due to virus, bacteria, allergies, chemicals.
Conjunctival nevus - A freckle on the eye surface. If the dark spot grows or thickens it may be serious.
Corneal abrasion - Injury or trauma to the eye surface can cause a scratch. Green dye shows the linear scratch marks.
Corneal ulcer - Focal infection of the cornea and invasion of germ fighting white cells.
Ectropion - Turning outward of the lower eyelid, usually due to aging and tissue laxity.Poor closure causes tearing and irritation of the eye can result.
Entropion - Turning inward of the lower lid usually due to aging. Eyelashes can rub on the eye surface causing irritation.
Eyelid carcinoma - Sun exposure is a major cause of skin cancer of the eyelid margin. This problem requires surgical removal.
Herpes simplex - Infection with herpes virus can attack the eye. Virus multiplies in the corneal surface creating a characteristic frond pattern.
Herpes zoster - Reactivation of the chickenpox virus can erupt on the forehead, nose, and around the eye. Virus can invade the eye.
Hyphema - Severe injury to the eye can cause bleeding from any structure. When the iris (colored part) breaks or tears bleeding occurs and can partially or totally fill the eye with blood.
Iris nevus - A brown freckle spot on the iris. Usually not a concern but if it grows larger it needs to be treated.
Keratoconus - A congenital softening of the corneal tissue causing it to bow or protruded forward, resulting in progressively blurred vision.
Pinguecula - Long term exposure to sun and ultraviolet light can cause the conjunctiva (clear layer over the white eye tissue) to thicken and turn yellow.
Proptosis - Protrusion of the eyes due to various conditions such as thyroid disease (Grave's), injury, bleeding, tumors, infections, or birth defects.
Pterygia - Chronic irritation, exposure to dust, sun, wind, chemicals, can cause the conjunctiva (clear layer over the white eye tissue) to thicken and grow over the cornea occasionally distorting the cornea and creating blurred vision.
Ptosis - A drooping upper eyelid can occur at birth, or after an injury, stroke, or serious brain infection.
Stye - when the lash follicle become infected with bacteria a small pus pocket forms.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage - Injury, sneezing, coughing, vomiting, straining, eye rubbing, blood thinners, aspirin, all can cause the small surface blood vessels to rupture. The blood collects under the conjunctiva (clear layer over the white eye tissue. Generally not serious.
Trichiasis - Eyelashes can grow inward towards the eye causing irritation. Sometimes new lashes form and grow in the wrong direction but usually abnormal re-growth of current lashes is the cause.
Vitreous floaters - Small condensations or formation of hard spots in the clear vitreous jelly filling of the eye result in small shadows cast on the retina which are perceived as floaters. Shapes can be described as strings, spots, webs, spiders, tadpoles, amoebas, germs, or flies.